Friday, June 16, 2017

Cactus and Succulent Show 2017

I have attended the annual show of the Central Oklahoma Cactus and Succulent Society (COCSS) for the last several years.  Although I don't spend a lot of time thinking about these plants or actively collecting them throughout the year, I always enjoy the show and find some really good deals on interesting plants.

Central Oklahoma Cacti and Succulent Show
Some nice plants that received ribbons in the show area.

Matucana madisoniorum
Matucana madisoniorum - the most striking flowers at the show.
I only took a few photos of show and sale plants this year other than the ones I purchased.

Euphorbia neorubella (labeled as Monadenium rubellum)
Euphorbia neorubella
This year I purchased 7 plants: Kalanchoe tomentosa, an unlabeled Huernia species, Huernia keniensis, Caralluma europea, Opuntia violaceaTillandsia tricolor v. melanocrater, and Tillandsia schiedeana.

Kalanchoe tomentosa
Kalanchoe tomentosa

Huernia sp., Huernia keniensis, and Caralluma europea
Huernia sp., Huernia keniensis, and Caralluma europea

Huernia sp
The unidentified Huernia
Tillandsias aren't truly cacti or succulents, but the term "succulents" is already rather broad and is not taxonomically linked, like "cacti" is to the family Cactaceae.  I guess cacti and succulent people just like Tillandsias and brought some to sell.  I'm excited because one of them is on the verge of blooming.

Tillandsia schiedeana and Tillandsia tricolor v. melanocrater
Tillandsia schiedeana and Tillandsia tricolor v. melanocrater
As I've mentioned before, my favorite succulents are the Stapeliads.  I have found that I can grow them pretty well, so I try to focus my money on those plants.  With my recent purchases my Stapeliad collection now includes 10 species:
  • Caralluma europea
  • Huernia sp (unknown species)
  • Huernia confusa
  • Huernia keniensis
  • Huernia penzigii
  • Huernia schneideriana
  • Stapelia ambigua
  • Stapelia flavopurpurea
  • Stapelia gigantea
  • Stapelia hirsuta
I've had some others in the past, but have lost some over the years.

Huernia penzigii
A recent bloom on my Huernia penzigii
A friend from northwest Arkansas came over for the show. I met him and his wife there and we exchanged a few plants and visited for a short time.  He brought me a neat Sinningia tubiflora, which was bred for hardiness in our region, as well as Kalanchoe beauverdii and Bryophyllum fedtschenkoi. Hopefully the Sinningia will flower for me soon and I'll share some photos.

Tuesday, June 13, 2017

Trip Report: Wichita wildflowers

Back in April my family went camping in the Wichita Mountains of southwest Oklahoma.  We planned a camping trip down there more than a year ago, which was postponed due to rain.  The same thing happened on our rescheduled date.  I was really happy that this time around the weather was cooperative - in fact, it was more than cooperative, it was perfect!

Plains Flax (Linum puberulum)
Plains Flax (Linum puberulum)

Prairie Larkspur (Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens)
Prairie Larkspur (Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens)

A significant motivator for camping in this location is that the Black-capped Vireo, an endangered species, nests in this area and it is one of the few places in the United States where this species can be reliably found.  I was successful with the vireo and added a total of 7 new species of my life bird list (Black-capped Vireo, Cave Swallow, Black-headed Grosbeak, Rock Wren, Canyon Wren, Chuck-will's-widow, and Rufous-crowned Sparrow).

Black-capped Vireo
Black-capped Vireo

unusual color variant of Texas Paintbrush (Castilleja indivisa)
unusual white form of Indian Paintbrush (Castilleja indivisa)

We saw some other wild animals besides birds - rabbits, TONS of prairie dogs, bison, and lizards.  Ever since the Oklahoma Virtual Spring BioBlitz in April I have been logging as many wild living species as I can - plants, animals, insects, fungi, what-have-you.  I spent a lot of this trip taking pictures to upload to  And once we were home I spent a lot of time trying to identify everything I had seen.  Each picture is a fun puzzle and process of discovery.

Variegated Fritillary
Variegated Fritillary

Lace hedgehog Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii)
Lace Hedgehog Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii)

There were many wildflowers in bloom in the Wichitas - Opuntia, Yucca, and Echinocereus cacti, Gallardia, Gaura, Linum, Castilleja, Delphinium, and more.

Opuntia sp.

Kern's Flower Scarab (Euphoria kernii) in Opuntia
Opuntia with pollinator, Kern's Flower Scarab

My full album can be seen here:

Wichita Mountains

Wednesday, May 17, 2017

Oklahoma Virtual Spring BioBlitz

At some point over the last year I signed up to receive emails from the Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation.  Some of the emails deal with fishing and hunting records and I usually trash those without reading, but I really like the newsletters that tell about our native species of plants and animals.

False Indigo (Amorpha fruticosa)

In late March I got an email telling about the upcoming Virtual Spring BioBlitz, which I hadn't heard of before.  The (non-virtual) BioBlitz is an event that is held each October at a different state park in Oklahoma.  Nature enthusiasts show up and spend the designated period (1 or 2 days) wandering around the state park and recording as many species as they can identify.  It serves to map out the biodiversity of the area, track invasive species and see how native species are doing.  The Spring Virtual BioBlitz is a month-long survey of the entire state.  All observations are logged to, a database of naturalist records used by professionals and amateurs alike.

Oklahoma Beardtongue (Penstemon oklahomensis)

I took on the challenge and logged every wild species I could for the month of April.  It was a lot of fun.  I am already in the habit of doing this with bird species, so I got to extend this habit to some of my other interests: plants, insects, and fungi.

Corydalis aurea

Throughout the month there were several challenges and I met each goal: logging at least X observations in the first weekend, logging at least Y observations in a state park another weekend, logging at least Z observations in a county that hadn't yet received any records.


I ended up logging 375 observations during the month of April.  Of those observations, 223 unique species have been identified by the iNaturalist community.  (Some of my 375 were duplicates and others have not yet been identified to species level yet.)

Tenpetal Anemone (Anemone berlandieri)

I haven't spent a lot of time learning about native (or invasive) species that live in Oklahoma, so this was a good opportunity for me to learn from others.  I mostly posted my plants without identifications and allowed others to provide guidance.  I can't say that I can positively identify all of these plants again without studying my photos and the names some more, but I have a much better grasp of what wild plants are growing in my area.

Friday, February 24, 2017

Sansevieria in bloom

Sansevieria are pretty common houseplants, office plants, or "mall plants" as I sometimes say.  As with many other plants that grow well in these conditions, there are a few species or varieties that have been propagated far and wide and are most commonly seen, while the genera themselves are much larger.

A few years ago I got a Sansevieria from my friend, Russ.  He had it labeled "Sansevieria sp. Chahinian 549" at the time.  It was the collection number of a botanist by the name of Juan Chahinian from his first trip to Kenya.  Russ obtained the plant from the Huntington Botanic Garden in California.  Russ believes this is actually Sansevieria parva.

Sansevieria parva
Sansevieria parva?
The plant has grown slowly but steadily (as Sansevieria do) for me in the intervening years.  And this year, for the first time, it has bloomed!  The flowers are strongly fragrant.  When I stepped into the greenhouse it was a very pleasant smell, but when I stuck my nose right up to the flowers it was a little too much for me.

Sansevieria parva
Sansevieria flowers

Friday, January 27, 2017

Trip Report: Gulele Botanic Garden in Ethiopia

Christie and I spent the month of July last year in Ethiopia, while we were finalizing the adoption of our son, Merek.

Yep, he's adorable!
A while back I heard about a botanic garden in Addis Ababa and I was excited about visiting during our time in Ethiopia.  There is very little information on the internet about this place and no one seems to know about it around town.  (There is a new website that has some good information here.)  At the time the best I could do was find a phone number and called and talked to someone, who seemed a little surprised that we wanted to come and visit.

Cute little flower growing on the grounds of Gulele
We hired a taxi to drive us to the area near the garden and when we got close the driver started asking people along the street if they knew where we should go.  I brought the phone number with me and had the taxi driver call and talk to the people at the garden.  He brought me to an office building and Christie, Merek, and I went inside to meet some of the garden staff.

We visited for a short time in their office and then the Director of Education (I think his name was Solomon) got in a separate car and asked us to follow him to the garden in our taxi.  We drove up the mountain a little distance and pulled in the gate, where a staff of 5 or 6 people were tending to the garden.

Director of Education standing in front of the greenhouses

Solomon was very happy to show me around the garden.  He told me about their vision for the place, which has been developing slowly over the last 5 years.  They envision this being a place where people come to go walking or jogging or just to enjoy nature.  (It was a good area for birding!  I recorded my 500th life bird while here: Rufous-breasted Sparrowhawk)  They aim to collect plant species from throughout the country and grow them on site, as well as to sponsor conservation efforts throughout Ethiopia.  They have rows of plants arranged almost like crops and two nice greenhouses.
The greenhouses are sectioned into rooms coming off of a main corridor that runs down the middle.  We ventured inside and talked about the various plants they are growing.  Many of the plants are native to Ethiopia, but not all.  Solomon said it is challenging to meet the growing conditions of all of these plants from the many different climates across Ethiopia, so they are trying to simulate different climates in different rooms. Most of the plants are growing in plastic bags.  It wasn't clear to me if these are temporary or long-term.

Euphorbia bisellenbeckii
Euphorbia bisellenbeckii
I told Solomon that I grow a lot of tropical plants, primarily Aroids and Orchids.  He wasn't very familiar with the Aroid (Araceae) family, so I tried to give him some examples.  Finally we came across one aroid in his greenhouses, which looked like a Sauromatum.  He showed me a group of native orchids, but they were not in bloom and I would have never guessed they were orchids.  Their leaves looked similar to the leaves of a day lily.  The orchid family is quite diverse and I remembered that my Field Guide to Ethiopian Orchids had a lot of genera that I was not familiar with before reading that book.

Boys swimming in an artificial pool formed around a natural waterfall flowing by the side of the path up the mountain.
After touring the greenhouses we went outside and found Christie, who had been walking around with Merek, taking pictures of birds for me.  We walked even farther up the steep hill and ventured to some other parts of the garden that I would not have guessed were the same property.  Along the way we passed several different habitats that the staff has been working to create, including a marshy area formed by damming up a natural creek that flows down the hillside.

Solomon pointing out the rough property line of the botanic garden
Near the top of the hill there was a flatter area and a path that led to a lookout tower.  We stood on top and took in the view of the countryside and city below us.  Merek slept in his carrier for a little bit, but when he woke up he was kind of ready to get out and do something else.

I regret that I didn't get a good picture of the garden as a whole, showing the rows of plants and such.  I was focused on individual birds and plants.  We really enjoyed our outing and will visit again on one of our return trips to see how the garden matures.

Gulele Botanic Garden
Click above to see the complete album.

Thursday, January 26, 2017

Drunkard's Dream in bloom

Sometimes common names can be comical names.  (Sansevieria = Mother-in-law's Tongue?)  There is a little cactus whose stem segments look like tiny bottles connected end-to-end.  If you picture them as beer bottles then you can imagine where the name "Drunkard's Dream" came from.

Hatiora salicornioides
Hatiora salicornioides

I got my plant via a little stem cutting from a roadside rock store we stopped at somewhere in SW Missouri or NE Oklahoma several years ago.  I had seen pictures of the plant online but not seen one in person before.  When I saw it in the store I was exclaiming over it and the shop owner was kind enough to offer me a cutting.  It rooted easily and has grown slowly but steadily in the years since.

Hatiora salicornioides
Hatiora salicornioides

I noticed it blooming for the first time last year in the month of February, and it is doing the same again this year.  The blooms are small and bright yellow.